Thoroughbred Horses

History of the Thoroughbred horse:
This breed of horse was first bred in The United Kingdom due to the English horsemens desire to have a swift race horse. There are three that began this bloodline which are: Byerley Turk, Darley Arabian and Godolphin Arabian, all named after their owners, Thomas Darley, Lord Godolphin and Captain Robert Byerley. Each and every one of these stallions were imported to the United Kingdom from the Mediterranean Middle Eastduring 1670 and 1710. The conclusion was a breed that could hold weight with sustained speed over extended distances. In the region of 9/10 of present thoroughbreds have come from Eclipse whose grandsire was Darley Arabian, who never lost in eighteen races. This prompted a very selective breeding practice which has continued for nearly 250 years, breeding the best race horses, giving them superiority and distinction on the race track.

About the turn of the 1700’s, breeding accounts for Thoroughbreds were meager and frequently incomplete, and typically, they would not refer to a horse before the juvenile horse had proven themself creditable. A man named James Weatherby, through his own research and hard work, and by the consolidation of his own privately owned pedigree records published the first volume of the General Stud Book. This was done in 1791. The foremost book listed 387 mares, all of which could trace back to Eclipse. The General Studbook is still available in the United Kingdom by Weatherby and Sons. Several years afterward, as thoroughbred racing proliferated in North America the need for a pedigree registry for American Bred Thoroughbreds, similar to the General Stud Book became obvious.

In 1873, the earliest American Stud Book was released by Colonel Sanders D. Bruce. This man used up nearly a lifetime studying the pedigrees of American Throughbred horses. He followed the pattern of the General Stud Book creating six volumes of the register until 1896 when the project was taken over by The Jockey Club. The accuracy of the American Stud Book is the base on which all Thoroughbred horse racing in North America depends. The first edition of the American Stud Book by The Jockey Club had a foal crop of roughly 3,000. In 1986 in had risen to an incredible 51,000. Today The Jockey Club operates a complicated new digital system to counter the registration issues presented by the gigantic amount of annual registrations. The Jockey Club is responsible for and maintains one of the most sophisticated computer systems in the world at present, with its record holding in excess of 1.8 million thoroughbred horses on a master pedigree record, with names that can be tracked back to the 1800’s. Including bloodlines, this computer also processes daily racing outcomes of every Thoroughbred race in North America, as well as the capacity to handle digitally sent pedigree and racing information from England, Ireland, France and other principal Thoroughbred countries. Another offspring of Darley Arabian is Diomed; he won the first running of the Kentucky Derby in 1780. At 21 years of age he was introduced to the United States where he began the male line by way of his son, Sir Archie.

Thoroughbred horses are the horse of choice for track racing. Most thoroughbred horsesare born between January and April, but their certified date of birth is January 1 of the present year. Through their initial year of growth, they are increasing bulk and muscle with the adolescent starting his training as a yearling. Thouroughbreds learn to take a bridle and a saddle and soon after a rider on its back to break the horse in preparation for the starting gate and the competition around the track.

For more information and horses for sale, please visit the Horse and Pony Directory.

Leave a Reply